Publications



2021

Superatom-in-Superatom [RhH@Ag24(SPhMe2)18]2− Nanocluster
H. Yi,† S. M. Han,† S. Song,† M. Kim, E. Sim, D. Lee
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2021, 60, 22293. (Selected as Frontispiece)

Controlled Syngas Production by Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction on Formulated Au25(SR)18 and PtAu24(SR)18 Nanoclusters
W. Choi,† H. Seong,† V. Efremov, Y. Lee, S. Im, D.-H. Lim, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee
J. Chem. Phys.
2021, 155, 014305. (Invited Paper)

Small Change, Big Difference: Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Au Nanocluster-Sensitized TiO2 Altered by Core Restructuring
J. Lee,† M. H. Naveen,† J. Park,† K. Pyo,† H. Kim, D. Lee, J. H. Bang
ACS Energy Lett.
2021, 6, 2305-2312.

Atomically Precise Gold Nanoclusters as Model Catalysts for Identifying Active Sites for Electroreduction of CO2
H. Seong,† V. Efremov,† G. Park, H. Kim, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 14563.

Size-Dependent Light Harvesting from Nonthermalized Excited States of Gold Clusters
K. Pyo,† S. M. Han,† H. Xu, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Solar RRL 2021, 5, 2000710.



2020

Synthesis and Photophysical Properties of Light-Harvesting Gold Nanoclusters Fully Functionalized with Antenna Chromophores
K. Pyo,† H. Xu,† S. M. Han, S. Saxena, S. Y. Yoon, G. Wiederrecht, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Small 2021, 2004836.

Insights into the Metal-Exchange Synthesis of MAg24(SR)18 (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) Nanoclusters
M. Kim, K. L. D. M. Weerawardene, W. Choi, S. M. Han, J. Paik, Y. Kim, M.-G. Choi, C. M. Aikens, D. Lee
Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 10216-10226.

Alkali Metal Ions: A Secret Ingredient for Metal Nanocluster-Sensitized Solar Cells
M. A. Abbas, R. Thota, K. Pyo, D. Lee, J. H. Bang
ACS Energy Lett. 2020, 5, 1404.

Over a 15.9% Solar-to-CO Conversion from Dilute CO2 Streams Catalyzed by Gold Nanoclusters Exhibiting a High CO2 Binding Affinity
B. Kim,† H. Seong,† J. T. Song, K. Kwak, H. Song, Y. C. Tan, G. Park, D. Lee, J. Oh
ACS Energy Lett. 2020, 5, 749. (Selected as Cover)



2019

Elucidating Ligand Effects in Thiolate-Protected Metal Clusters Using Au24Pt(TBBT)18 as A Model Cluster
S. Hossain, Y. Imai, D. Suzuki, W. Choi, Z. Chen, T. Suzuki, M. Yoshioka, T. Kawawaki, D. Lee, Y. Negishi
Nanoscale 2019, 11, 22089-22098.

Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in Thiolate-Protected Plasmonic Gold Clusters: Size and Ligand Effect
M. Shabaninezhad, A. Abuhagr, N. A. Sakthivel, C. Kumara, A. Dass, K. Kwak, K. Pyo, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C 2019, 123, 13344.

Electrochemistry of Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters
K. Kwak, D. Lee
Acc. Chem. Res. 2019, 52, 12-22.



2018

Effects of Metal-Doping on Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalyzed by MAu24 and M2Au36 Nanoclusters (M= Pt or Pd)
W. Choi, K. Kwak, G. Hu, M. Kim, D.-e. Jiang, J.-P. Choi, D. Lee
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 44645.

Rationally designed metal nanocluster for electrocatalytic hydrogen production from water
K. Kwak,† W. Choi,† Q. Tang, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Mater. Chem. A 2018, 6, 19495.

Highly Dispersive Gold Nanoparticles on Carbon Black for Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Y. Kim, A. Jo, Y. Ha, Y. Lee, D. Lee, Y. Lee, C. Lee
Electroanalysis 2018, 30, 2861.

Unique Energy Transfer in Fluorescein-Conjugated Au22 Nanoclusters Leading to 160-fold pH-contrasting Photoluminescence
K. Pyo, N. H. Ly, S. M. Han, M. b. Hatshan, A. Abuhagr, G. Wiederrecht, S.-W. Joo, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2018, 9, 5303.

Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction by Dopant-Free, Porous Graphene Aerogel
W. Choi,† U. P. Azad,† J.-P. Choi, D. Lee
Electroanalysis 2018, 30, 1472. (Invited Paper)

Effect of emissive quantum cluster consisting of 22 Au atoms on the performance of semi-transparent plastic solar cells under low intensity illumination
D. C. Lim, J. H. Jeong, K. Pyo, D. Lee, J. Heo, J. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, J. Seo, S. Kim, S. Cho
Nano Energy 2018, 48, 518.

Dopant-Dependent Electronic Structures Observed for M2Au36(SC6H13)24 (M=Pt, Pd)
M. Kim, Q. Tang, A.V.N. Kumar, K. Kwak, W. Choi, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2018, 9, 982.



2017

Semi-transparent Plastic Solar Cell Based on Oxide-metal-oxide Multilayer Electrodes
D. C. Lim, J. H. Jeong, K. Hong, S. Nho, J.-Y. Lee, Q. V. Hong, S. K. Lee, K. Pyo, D. Lee, S. Cho
Prog. Photovoltaics 2018, 26, 188.

Energy Gap Law for Exciton Dynamics in Gold Cluster Molecules
K. Kwak, V. D. Thanthirige, K. Pyo, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017, 8, 4898.

Lattice Hydride Mechanism in Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction by Structurally Precise Copper-Hydride Nanoclusters
Q. Tang, Y. Lee, D.-Y. Li, W. Choi, C. W. Liu, D. Lee, D.-e. Jiang
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 9728.

Metallic Hydrogen in Atomically Precise Gold Nanoclusters
G. Hu, Q. Tang, D. Lee, Z. Wu, D.-e. Jiang
Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 4840.

Highly luminescent folate-functionalized Au22 nanoclusters for bioimaging
K. Pyo, N. H. Ly, S. Y. Yoon, I. M. Shim, S. Y. Choi, S. Y. Lee, S.-W. Joo, D. Lee
Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2017, 6, 1700203.

A molecule-like PtAu24(SC6H13)18 nanocluster as an electrocatalyst for hydrogen production
K. Kwak†, W. Choi†, Q. Tang, M. Kim, Y. Lee, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
Nature Commun. 2017, 8, 14723.



2016

Enhanced luminescence of Au22(SG)18 nanoclusters via rational surface engineering
K. Pyo, V. D. Thanthirige, S. Y. Yoon, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Nanoscale 2016, 8, 20008-20016.

Temperature-Dependent Absorption and Ultrafast Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in MAu24(SR)18 Clusters (M = Pt, Hg): Role of the Central Metal Atom
V. D. Thanthirige†, M. Kim†, W. Choi, K. Kwak, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2016, 120(40), 23180–23188.

Electrochemical Sensing Using Molecule-like Gold Nanoclusters
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
ECS Trans. 2016, 75(16), 131-138.

Monolayer-Protected Clusters: Versatile Materials of Electrochemical Importance
A. Dass, D. Lee, F. Maran
ChemElectroChem 2016, 3(8), 1191-1192.

Efficient Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts Based on Gold Nanocluster–Graphene Composites
K. Kwak, U. P. Azad, W. Choi, K. Pyo, M. Jang, D. Lee
ChemElectroChem 2016, 3(8), 1253-1260.

Unexpected Size Effect Observed in ZnO-Au Composite Photocatalysts
N. S. Han†, D. Kim†, J. W. Lee, J. Kim, H. S. Shim, Y. Lee, D. Lee, J. K. Song
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016, 8(2), 1067–1072.



2015

Facile Preparative Route to Alkanethiolate-Coated Au38 Nanoparticles: Postsynthesis Core Size Evolution
J. Kim, K. Lema, M. Ukaigwe, D. Lee
Langmuir 2015, 31(33), 9260–9260.

Interconversion between Superatomic 6-Electron and 8-Electron Configurations of M@Au24(SR)18 Clusters (M = Pd, Pt)
K. Kwak, Q. Tang, M. Kim, D. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137(33), 10833–10840.

Ultrabright Luminescence from Gold Nanoclusters: Rigidifying the Au(I)–Thiolate Shell
K. Pyo,† V. D. Thanthirige,† K. Kwak, P. Pandurangan, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137(25), 8244–8250.



2014

Information on quantum states pervades the visible spectrum of the ubiquitous Au144(SR)60 gold nanocluster
H.-Ch. Weissker, H. Barron Escobar, V. D. Thanthirige, K. Kwak, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna, R. L. Whetten, X. Lopez Lozano
Nature Commun. 2014, 5, 3785.

Redox-active gold nanoclusters immobilized ZnO nanorod electrodes for electrochemical sensing applications
G. Baek, P. Pandurangan, E. Ko, Y. Mo, D. Lee
RSC Adv. 2014, 4, 10766-10769.

Ionic Liquid of a Gold Nanocluster: A Versatile Matrix for Electrochemical Biosensors
K. Kwak, S. S. Kumar, K. Pyo, D. Lee
ACS Nano 2014, 8(1), 671–679.



2013

Tetrathiafulvalene-annulated [28]hexaphyrin(1.1.1.1.1.1): a multi-electron donor system subject to conformational control
A. Jana, M. Ishida, K. Cho, S. K. Ghosh, K. Kwak, K. Ohkubo, Y. M. Sung, C. M. Davis, V. M. Lynch, D. Lee, S. Fukuzumi, D. Kim, J. L. Sessler
Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 8937-8939.

Substrate and buffer layer effect on the structural and optical properties of graphene oxide thin films
J. R. Rani, J. Lim, J. Oh, D. Kim, D. Lee, J.-W. Kim, H. S. Shin, J. H. Kim, S. C. Jun
RSC Adv. 2013, 3, 5926-5936.

Comparative Electrochemical and Photophysical Studies of Tetrathiafulvalene-Annulated Porphyrins and Their Zn(II) Complexes: The Effect of Metalation and Structural Variation
A. Jana, M. Ishida, K. Kwak, Y. M. Sung, D. S. Kim, V. M. Lynch, D. Lee, D. Kim, J. L. Sessler
Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 338-349.



2012

Selective determination of dopamine using quantum-sized gold nanoparticles protected with charge selective ligands
K. Kwak, S. S. Kumar, D. Lee
Nanoscale 2012, 4, 4240-4246. (Invited Paper)

Ultrasmall gold nanoparticles for highly specific isolation/enrichment of N-linked glycosylated peptides
T. Huyen Tran, S. Park, H. Lee, S. Park, B. Kim, O.-H. Kim, B.-C. Oh, D. Lee, H. Lee
Analyst 2012, 137, 991-998.



2011

Size-Controlled Electron Transfer and Photocatalytic Activity of ZnO–Au Nanoparticle Composites
J. Lee, H. S. Shim, M. Lee, J. K. Song, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2(22), 2840–2845.

Well-Defined Au/ZnO Nanoparticle Composites Exhibiting Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities
N. Udawatte, M. Lee, J. Kim, D. Lee
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3(11), 4531–4538.

Size Control in the Synthesis of 1–6 nm Gold Nanoparticles via Solvent-Controlled Nucleation
J. Song, D. Kim, D. Lee
Langmuir 2011, 27(22), 13854–13860.

Amperometric Sensing Based on Glutathione Protected Au25 Nanoparticles and Their pH Dependent Electrocatalytic Activity
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
Electroanalysis 2011, 23(9), 2116-2124. (Invited Paper)

Electrochemical Sensing Using Quantum-Sized Gold Nanoparticles
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
Anal. Chem. 2011, 83(9), 3244–3247.

Preparation and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanocomposites coated with monolayer-protected gold clusters
P. Amaratunga, M. Lee, J. Kim, D. Lee
Can. J. Chem. 2011, 89, 1001-1009.



2010

Unique Ultrafast Visible Luminescence in Monolayer-Protected Au25 Clusters
M. S. Devadas, J. Kim, E. Sinn, D. Lee, T. Goodson, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2010, 114(51), 22417–22423.

TiO2 Nanoparticle Photocatalysts Modified with Monolayer-Protected Gold Clusters
M. Lee, P. Amaratunga, J. Kim, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2010, 114(43), 18366–18371.

Electrochemistry of nanoparticles
D. Lee
ChemWorld, 2010, 05, 29-32.

Directional Electron Transfer in Chromophore-Labeled Quantum-Sized Au25 Clusters: Au25 as an Electron Donor
M. S. Devadas, K. Kwak, J.-W. Park, J.-H. Choi, C.-H. Jun, E. Sinn, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett2010, 1(9), 1497–1503.

Optically Excited Acoustic Vibrations in Quantum-Sized Monolayer-Protected Gold Clusters

O. Varnavski, G. Ramakrishna, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson

ACS Nano 2010, 4(6), 3406–3412.

Critical Size for the Observation of Quantum Confinement in Optically Excited Gold Clusters

O. Varnavski, G. Ramakrishna, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132(1), 16–17.



2008

Nonlinear optical properties of quantum sized gold clusters
G. Ramakrishna, O. Varnavski, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson
Proc. of SPIE 2008, 7049.

Origin of Size-Dependent Energy Transfer from Photoexcited CdSe Quantum Dots to Gold Nanoparticles
M. Kondon, J. Kim, N. Udawatte, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112(17), 6695–6699.

Quantum-Sized Gold Clusters as Efficient Two-Photon Absorbers
G. Ramakrishna, O. Varnavski, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130(15), 5032–5033.



2007

Size-Controlled Interparticle Charge Transfer between TiO2 and Quantized Capacitors

J. Kim, D. Lee

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129(25), 7706–7707.

Facile Preparative Route to Alkanethiolate-Coated Au38 Nanoparticles:  Postsynthesis Core Size Evolution
J. Kim, K. Lema, M. Ukaigwe, D. Lee
Langmuir 2007, 23(14), 7853–7858.



2006

             W. Wang, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

             J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110(21), 10258–10265

             J. Kim, D. Lee

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128(14), 4518–4519



2005

             A. S. Harper, A. M. Leone, D. Lee, W. Wang, S. Ranganathan, M. E. Williams, R. W. Murray

             J. Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109(40), 18852–18859

             W. Wang, D. Lee, A. M. Leone, R. W. Murray

             Chem. Phys., 2005, 319, 126-135



2004

             V. L. Jimenez, D. G. Georganopoulou, R. J. White, A. S. Harper, A. J. Mills, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

             Langmuir, 2004, 20(16), 6864–6870

             D. Lee, R. L. Donkers, G. Wang, A. S. Harper, R. W. Murray

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126(19), 6193–6199

             R. L. Donkers, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

             Langmuir, 2004, 20(5), 1945–1952

             A. S. Harper, D. Lee, J. C. Crooker, W. Wang, M.E. Williams, R. W. Murray

             J. Phys. Chem. B, 2004, 108(6), 1866–1873



2003

             D. Lee, R. L. Donkers, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, 125(5), 1182–1183

             D. Lee, A. S. Harper, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, 125(4), 1096–1103



2002

             D. Lee, J. W. Ndieyira, T. Raymen

             Proceedings-Electrochemical Society, 2002, 99-15, 111-121

             D. Lee, J. C. Hutchison, A. M. Leone, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124(31), 9310–9317

             D. Lee, T. Rayment

             Electrochem. Commun., 2002, 4(10), 832-837



2001

             D. Lee, J. C. Hutchison, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

             J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2001, 123(34), 8406–8407