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Boosting the Electroreduction of CO2 to CO by Ligand Engineering of Gold Nanoclusters 
S. M. Han, M. Park, J. Kim, D. Lee
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2024, Accepted Manuscript


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Atomically precise nanoclusters for energy conversion
H. Seong,  D. Lee

Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2024, 1-16 (Invited Review)


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Synthesis of RhH-doped Au–Ag Alloy Nanoclusters and Dopant Evolution
S. M. Han,† S. Song,† H. Yi, E. Sim, D. Lee
scale, 2024, 16, 4851-4857
(†equal contribution)


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Hydride-Containing Pt-doped Cu-rich Nanoclusters: Structure, Bonding, and 2 Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Studies
R. P. Brocha Silalahi, H. Liang, Y. Jo, J.-H. Liao, T.-H. Chiu, Y.-Y. Wu. X. Wang, S. Kahlal, Q. Wang, W. Choi, D. Lee, J.-Y Saillard, C. W. Liu

Chem. Eur. J. 2024, e202303755.


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ClAg14(C≡CtBu)12 Nanoclusters as Efficient and Selective Electrocatalysts Toward Industrially Relevant CO2 Conversion
H. Seong,† K. Chang,† F. Sun,† S. Lee, S. M. Han, Y. Kim, C. H. Choi, Q. Tang, D. Lee 
Adv. Sci.
2023, 2306089
equal contribution)


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Electrocatalysis on Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters (Ch. 5)
H. Seong, W. Choi, Y. Jo, D. Lee
In Atomically Precise Nanochemistry; John Wiley & Sons, 2023; pp 161-193.


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Ni Foam-Supported Ni Nanoclusters for Enhanced Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction
H. Seong,† J. Kim,† K. Chang, H.-W. Kim, W. Choi, D. Lee 

J. Electrochem. Sci. Technol., 2023, 14, 3, 243-251.
equal contribution)


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Superatom-in Superatom Nanoclusters: Synthesis, Structure, and Photoluminescence
H. Yi,† S. Song,† S. M. Han, J. Lee, W. Kim, E. Sim, D. Lee 

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2023, 62, e202302591. (Selected as Inside Back Cover)
(equal contribution)

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Hydride-containing 2-Electron Pd/Cu Superatoms as Catalysts for Efficient Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution
R. P. Brocha Silalahi,† Y. Jo,† J.-H. Liao, T.-H. Chiu, E. Park, W. Choi, H. Liang, S. Kahlal, J.-Y Saillard, D. Lee, C. W. Liu

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2023, e202301272.

(equal contribution)

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Transplanting Gold Active Sites into Non-precious-metal Nanoclusters for Efficient CO2-to-CO Electroreduction
H. Seong,† Y. Jo,† V. Efremov, Y. Kim, S. Park, S. M. Han, K. Chang, J. Park, W. Choi, W. Kim, C. H. Choi, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023, 145, 4, 2152–2160.
(equal contribution)

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Promoting CO2-to-CO Electroreduction via the Active-Site Engineering of  Atomically Precise Silver Nanoclusters
H. Seong, M. Choi, S. Park, H. Kim, J. Kim, W. Kim, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee
ACS Energy Lett.
2022, 7, 12, 4177-4184.


Promotion of alkaline hydrogen production via Ni-doping of atomically precise Ag nanoclusters
Y. Jo, M. Choi, M. Kim, J. S. Yoo, W. Choi, D. Lee
Bull. Korean Chem. Soc.
2021, 42, 1672. (Invited Paper)

Superatom-in-Superatom [RhH@Ag24(SPhMe2)18]2− Nanocluster
H. Yi,† S. M. Han,† S. Song,† M. Kim, E. Sim, D. Lee 

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 22293. (Selected as Frontispiece)
equal contribution)

Controlled Syngas Production by Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction on Formulated Au25(SR)18 and PtAu24(SR)18 Nanoclusters
W. Choi,† H. Seong,† V. Efremov, Y. Lee, S. Im, D.-H. Lim, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee 
J. Chem. Phys. 2021, 155, 014305. (Invited Paper)
equal contribution)

Small Change, Big Difference: Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Au Nanocluster-Sensitized TiO2 Altered by Core Restructuring
J. Lee,† M. H. Naveen,† J. Park,† K. Pyo,† H. Kim, D. Lee, J. H. Bang
ACS Energy Lett.
2021, 6, 2305-2312.

(equal contribution)

Atomically Precise Gold Nanoclusters as Model Catalysts for Identifying Active Sites for Electroreduction of CO2
H. Seong,† V. Efremov,† G. Park, H. Kim, J. S. Yoo, D. Lee
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 14563.
equal contribution)

Size-Dependent Light Harvesting from Nonthermalized Excited States of Gold Clusters
K. Pyo,† S. M. Han,† H. Xu, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Solar RRL 2021, 5, 2000710.

​(†equal contribution)


Synthesis and Photophysical Properties of Light-Harvesting Gold Nanoclusters Fully Functionalized with Antenna Chromophores
K. Pyo,† H. Xu,† S. M. Han, S. Saxena, S. Y. Yoon, G. Wiederrecht, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Small, 2021, 17, 2004836.
​(†equal contribution)

Insights into the Metal-Exchange Synthesis of MAg24(SR)18 (M = Ni, Pd, Pt) Nanoclusters
M. Kim, K. L. D. M. Weerawardene, W. Choi, S. M. Han, J. Paik, Y. Kim, M.-G. Choi, C. M. Aikens, D. Lee
Chem. Mater. 2020, 32, 10216.

Alkali Metal Ions: A Secret Ingredient for Metal Nanocluster-Sensitized Solar Cells
M. A. Abbas, R. Thota, K. Pyo, D. Lee, J. H. Bang
ACS Energy Lett. 2020, 5, 1404.

Over a 15.9% Solar-to-CO Conversion from Dilute CO2 Streams Catalyzed by Gold Nanoclusters Exhibiting a High CO2 Binding Affinity
B. Kim,† H. Seong,† J. T. Song, K. Kwak, H. Song, Y. C. Tan, G. Park, D. Lee, J. Oh
ACS Energy Lett. 2020, 5, 749. (Selected as Supplementary Cover)
​(†equal contribution)


Elucidating Ligand Effects in Thiolate-Protected Metal Clusters Using Au24Pt(TBBT)18 as A Model Cluster
S. Hossain, Y. Imai, D. Suzuki, W. Choi, Z. Chen, T. Suzuki, M. Yoshioka, T. Kawawaki, D. Lee, Y. Negishi
Nanoscale 2019, 11, 22089-22098.

Ultrafast Electron Dynamics in Thiolate-Protected Plasmonic Gold Clusters: Size and Ligand Effect
M. Shabaninezhad, A. Abuhagr, N. A. Sakthivel, C. Kumara, A. Dass, K. Kwak, K. Pyo, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C 2019, 123, 13344.

Electrochemistry of Atomically Precise Metal Nanoclusters
K. Kwak, D. Lee
Acc. Chem. Res. 2019, 52, 12-22.


Effects of Metal-Doping on Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Catalyzed by MAu24 and M2Au36 Nanoclusters (M= Pt or Pd)
W. Choi, K. Kwak, G. Hu, M. Kim, D.-e. Jiang, J.-P. Choi, D. Lee
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2018, 10, 44645.

Rationally Designed Metal Nanocluster for Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water
K. Kwak,† W. Choi,† Q. Tang, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Mater. Chem. A 2018, 6, 19495.
​(†equal contribution)

Highly Dispersive Gold Nanoparticles on Carbon Black for Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Y. Kim, A. Jo, Y. Ha, Y. Lee, D. Lee, Y. Lee, C. Lee
Electroanalysis 2018, 30, 2861.

Unique Energy Transfer in Fluorescein-Conjugated Au22 Nanoclusters Leading to 160-fold pH-contrasting Photoluminescence
K. Pyo, N. H. Ly, S. M. Han, M. b. Hatshan, A. Abuhagr, G. Wiederrecht, S.-W. Joo, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2018, 9, 5303.

Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction by Dopant-Free, Porous Graphene Aerogel
W. Choi,† U. P. Azad,† J.-P. Choi, D. Lee
Electroanalysis 2018, 30, 1472. (Invited Paper)

​(†equal contribution)

Effect of Emissive Quantum Cluster Consisting of 22 Au Atoms on the Performance of Semi-transparent Plastic Solar Cells under Low Intensity Illumination
D. C. Lim, J. H. Jeong, K. Pyo, D. Lee, J. Heo, J. W. Choi, C.-L. Lee, J. Seo, S. Kim, S. Cho
Nano Energy 2018, 48, 518.

Dopant-Dependent Electronic Structures Observed for M2Au36(SC6H13)24 (M=Pt, Pd)
M. Kim, Q. Tang, A.V.N. Kumar, K. Kwak, W. Choi, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2018, 9, 982.


Semi-transparent Plastic Solar Cell Based on Oxide-metal-oxide Multilayer Electrodes
D. C. Lim, J. H. Jeong, K. Hong, S. Nho, J.-Y. Lee, Q. V. Hong, S. K. Lee, K. Pyo, D. Lee, S. Cho
Prog. Photovoltaics 2018, 26, 188.

Energy Gap Law for Exciton Dynamics in Gold Cluster Molecules
K. Kwak, V. D. Thanthirige, K. Pyo, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017, 8, 4898.

Lattice Hydride Mechanism in Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction by Structurally Precise Copper-Hydride Nanoclusters
Q. Tang, Y. Lee, D.-Y. Li, W. Choi, C. W. Liu, D. Lee, D.-e. Jiang
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139, 9728.

Metallic Hydrogen in Atomically Precise Gold Nanoclusters
G. Hu, Q. Tang, D. Lee, Z. Wu, D.-e. Jiang
Chem. Mater. 2017, 29, 4840.

Highly Luminescent Folate-functionalized Au22 Nanoclusters for Bioimaging
K. Pyo, N. H. Ly, S. Y. Yoon, I. M. Shim, S. Y. Choi, S. Y. Lee, S.-W. Joo, D. Lee
Adv. Healthcare Mater. 2017, 6, 1700203.

A Molecule-like PtAu24(SC6H13)18 Nanocluster as an Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Production
K. Kwak†, W. Choi†, Q. Tang, M. Kim, Y. Lee, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
Nature Commun. 2017, 8, 14723.
​(†equal contribution)


Enhanced luminescence of Au22(SG)18 nanoclusters via rational surface engineering
K. Pyo, V. D. Thanthirige, S. Y. Yoon, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
Nanoscale 2016, 8, 20008-20016.

Temperature-Dependent Absorption and Ultrafast Exciton Relaxation Dynamics in MAu24(SR)18 Clusters (M = Pt, Hg): Role of the Central Metal Atom
V. D. Thanthirige†, M. Kim†, W. Choi, K. Kwak, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2016, 120(40), 23180–23188.

​(†equal contribution)

Electrochemical Sensing Using Molecule-like Gold Nanoclusters
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
ECS Trans. 2016, 75(16), 131-138.

Monolayer-Protected Clusters: Versatile Materials of Electrochemical Importance
A. Dass, D. Lee, F. Maran
ChemElectroChem 2016, 3(8), 1191-1192.

Efficient Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysts Based on Gold Nanocluster–Graphene Composites
K. Kwak, U. P. Azad, W. Choi, K. Pyo, M. Jang, D. Lee
ChemElectroChem 2016, 3(8), 1253-1260.

Unexpected Size Effect Observed in ZnO-Au Composite Photocatalysts
N. S. Han†, D. Kim†, J. W. Lee, J. Kim, H. S. Shim, Y. Lee, D. Lee, J. K. Song
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016, 8(2), 1067–1072.

​(†equal contribution)


Facile Preparative Route to Alkanethiolate-Coated Au38 Nanoparticles: Postsynthesis Core Size Evolution
J. Kim, K. Lema, M. Ukaigwe, D. Lee
Langmuir 2015, 31(33), 9260–9260.

Interconversion between Superatomic 6-Electron and 8-Electron Configurations of M@Au24(SR)18 Clusters (M = Pd, Pt)
K. Kwak, Q. Tang, M. Kim, D.-e. Jiang, D. Lee
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137(33), 10833–10840.

Ultrabright Luminescence from Gold Nanoclusters: Rigidifying the Au(I)–Thiolate Shell
K. Pyo,† V. D. Thanthirige,† K. Kwak, P. Pandurangan, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137(25), 8244–8250.

​(†equal contribution)


Information on quantum states pervades the visible spectrum of the ubiquitous Au144(SR)60 gold nanocluster
H.-Ch. Weissker, H. Barron Escobar, V. D. Thanthirige, K. Kwak, D. Lee, G. Ramakrishna, R. L. Whetten, X. Lopez Lozano
Nature Commun. 2014, 5, 3785.

Redox-active gold nanoclusters immobilized ZnO nanorod electrodes for electrochemical sensing applications
G. Baek, P. Pandurangan, E. Ko, Y. Mo, D. Lee
RSC Adv. 2014, 4, 10766-10769.

Ionic Liquid of a Gold Nanocluster: A Versatile Matrix for Electrochemical Biosensors
K. Kwak, S. S. Kumar, K. Pyo, D. Lee
ACS Nano 2014, 8(1), 671–679.


Tetrathiafulvalene-annulated [28]hexaphyrin( a multi-electron donor system subject to conformational control
A. Jana, M. Ishida, K. Cho, S. K. Ghosh, K. Kwak, K. Ohkubo, Y. M. Sung, C. M. Davis, V. M. Lynch, D. Lee, S. Fukuzumi, D. Kim, J. L. Sessler
Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 8937-8939.

Substrate and buffer layer effect on the structural and optical properties of graphene oxide thin films
J. R. Rani, J. Lim, J. Oh, D. Kim, D. Lee, J.-W. Kim, H. S. Shin, J. H. Kim, S. C. Jun
RSC Adv. 2013, 3, 5926-5936.

Comparative Electrochemical and Photophysical Studies of Tetrathiafulvalene-Annulated Porphyrins and Their Zn(II) Complexes: The Effect of Metalation and Structural Variation
A. Jana, M. Ishida, K. Kwak, Y. M. Sung, D. S. Kim, V. M. Lynch, D. Lee, D. Kim, J. L. Sessler
Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 338-349.


Selective determination of dopamine using quantum-sized gold nanoparticles protected with charge selective ligands
K. Kwak, S. S. Kumar, D. Lee
Nanoscale 2012, 4, 4240-4246. (Invited Paper)

Ultrasmall gold nanoparticles for highly specific isolation/enrichment of N-linked glycosylated peptides
T. Huyen Tran, S. Park, H. Lee, S. Park, B. Kim, O.-H. Kim, B.-C. Oh, D. Lee, H. Lee
Analyst 2012, 137, 991-998.


Size-Controlled Electron Transfer and Photocatalytic Activity of ZnO–Au Nanoparticle Composites
J. Lee, H. S. Shim, M. Lee, J. K. Song, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2011, 2(22), 2840–2845.

Well-Defined Au/ZnO Nanoparticle Composites Exhibiting Enhanced Photocatalytic Activities
N. Udawatte, M. Lee, J. Kim, D. Lee
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3(11), 4531–4538.

Size Control in the Synthesis of 1–6 nm Gold Nanoparticles via Solvent-Controlled Nucleation
J. Song, D. Kim, D. Lee
Langmuir 2011, 27(22), 13854–13860.

Amperometric Sensing Based on Glutathione Protected Au25 Nanoparticles and Their pH Dependent Electrocatalytic Activity
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
Electroanalysis 2011, 23(9), 2116-2124. (Invited Paper)

Electrochemical Sensing Using Quantum-Sized Gold Nanoparticles
S. Senthil Kumar, K. Kwak, D. Lee
Anal. Chem. 2011, 83(9), 3244–3247.

Preparation and photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanocomposites coated with monolayer-protected gold clusters
P. Amaratunga, M. Lee, J. Kim, D. Lee
Can. J. Chem. 2011, 89, 1001-1009.


Unique Ultrafast Visible Luminescence in Monolayer-Protected Au25 Clusters
M. S. Devadas, J. Kim, E. Sinn, D. Lee, T. Goodson, G. Ramakrishna
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2010, 114(51), 22417–22423.

TiO2 Nanoparticle Photocatalysts Modified with Monolayer-Protected Gold Clusters
M. Lee, P. Amaratunga, J. Kim, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. C. 2010, 114(43), 18366–18371.

Electrochemistry of nanoparticles
D. Lee
ChemWorld, 2010, 05, 29-32.

Directional Electron Transfer in Chromophore-Labeled Quantum-Sized Au25 Clusters: Au25 as an Electron Donor
M. S. Devadas, K. Kwak, J.-W. Park, J.-H. Choi, C.-H. Jun, E. Sinn, G. Ramakrishna, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. Lett2010, 1(9), 1497–1503.

Optically Excited Acoustic Vibrations in Quantum-Sized Monolayer-Protected Gold Clusters

O. Varnavski, G. Ramakrishna, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson

ACS Nano 2010, 4(6), 3406–3412.

Critical Size for the Observation of Quantum Confinement in Optically Excited Gold Clusters

O. Varnavski, G. Ramakrishna, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132(1), 16–17.


Nonlinear optical properties of quantum sized gold clusters
G. Ramakrishna, O. Varnavski, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson
Proc. of SPIE 2008, 7049.

Origin of Size-Dependent Energy Transfer from Photoexcited CdSe Quantum Dots to Gold Nanoparticles
M. Kondon, J. Kim, N. Udawatte, D. Lee
J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112(17), 6695–6699.

Quantum-Sized Gold Clusters as Efficient Two-Photon Absorbers
G. Ramakrishna, O. Varnavski, J. Kim, D. Lee, T. Goodson
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130(15), 5032–5033.


Size-Controlled Interparticle Charge Transfer between TiO2 and Quantized Capacitors

J. Kim, D. Lee

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129(25), 7706–7707.

Facile Preparative Route to Alkanethiolate-Coated Au38 Nanoparticles:  Postsynthesis Core Size Evolution
J. Kim, K. Lema, M. Ukaigwe, D. Lee
Langmuir 2007, 23(14), 7853–7858.


Electron Transport Dynamics in a Room-Temperature Au Nanoparticle Molten Salt

W. Wang, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110(21), 10258–10265.

Electron Hopping Dynamics in Au38 Nanoparticle Langmuir Monolayers at the Air/Water Interface
J. Kim, D. Lee
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2006, 128(14), 4518–4519.


Ion Atmosphere Relaxation Controlled Electron Transfers in Cobaltocenium Polyether Molten Salts

A. S. Harper, A. M. Leone, D. Lee, W. Wang, S. Ranganathan, M. E. Williams, R. W. Murray

J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109(40), 18852–18859.


Hexanethiolate Monolayer Protected 38 Gold Atom Cluster

V. L. Jimenez, D. G. Georganopoulou, R. J. White, A. S. Harper, A. J. Mills, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

Langmuir, 2004, 20(16), 6864–6870.

Electrochemistry and Optical Absorbance and Luminescence of Molecule-like Au38 Nanoparticles

D. Lee, R. L. Donkers, G. Wang, A. S. Harper, R. W. Murray

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126(19), 6193–6199.

Synthesis and Isolation of the Molecule-like Cluster Au38(PhCH2CH2S)24

R. L. Donkers, D. Lee, R. W. Murray

Langmuir, 2004, 20(5), 1945–1952.

Parallel Variation of Mass Transport and Heterogeneous and Homogeneous Electron Transfer Rates in Hybrid Redox Polyether Molten Salts

A. S. Harper, D. Lee, J. C. Crooker, W. Wang, M.E. Williams, R. W. Murray

J. Phys. Chem. B 2004, 108(6), 1866–1873.


Voltammetry and Electron-Transfer Dynamics in a Molecular Melt of a 1.2 nm Metal Quantum Dot

D. Lee, R. L. Donkers, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125(5), 1182–1183.

Ion Atmosphere Relaxation Control of Electron Transfer Dynamics in a Plasticized Carbon Dioxide Redox Polyether Melt

D. Lee, A. S. Harper, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125(4), 1096–1103.


In situ time-resolved structural study of an electrode process by surface differential diffraction
D. Lee, J. W. Ndieyira, T. Raymen
Spectroscopic Tools for the Analysis of Electrochemical Systems: Proceedings-Electrochemical Society, 2002, 99-15, 111-121.

Electron and Mass Transport in Hybrid Redox Polyether Melts Contacted with Carbon Dioxide

D. Lee, J. C. Hutchison, A. M. Leone, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2002, 124(31), 9310–9317.


Diffusive Transport of Micelles and Monomeric Solutes in Supercritical CO2
D. Lee, J. C. Hutchison, J. M. DeSimone, R. W. Murray
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123(34), 8406–8407

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